Peer-reviewed publications

**authored by co-advised graduate student

**Reikowski, E.S., T.K. Refsland, and J.H Cushman. 2022. Ungulate herbivores as drivers of aspen recruitment and understory composition throughout arid montane landscapes. Ecosphere 13(9):e4225.

Refsland, T.K. and J. H. Cushman. 2021. Continent-wide synthesis of the long-term population dynamics of quaking aspen in the face of accelerating human impacts. Oecologia 197:25-42.

Pellegrini, A.F.A., T.K. Refsland, C. Averill, C. Terrer, A.C. Staver, D.G. Brockway, A. Caprio, W. Clatterbuck, C. Coetsee, J.D. Haywood, S.E. Hobbie, W.A. Hoffmann, J. Kush, T. Lewis, W.K. Moser, S.T. Overby, B. Patterson, K.G. Peay, P.B. Reich, C. Ryan, M.A.S. Sayer, B. Scharenbroch, T. Schoennagel, G.R. Smith, K. Stephan, C. Swanston, M.G. Turner, T.M. Varner, and R.B. Jackson. 2021. Decadal changes in fire frequencies shift tree communities and functional traits. Nature Ecology & Evolution 5:504-512.

Refsland, T.K., B. Knapp, K. Stephan and J.M. Fraterrigo. 2020. Sixty-five years of fire manipulation reveals climate and fire interact to determine growth rates of Quercus spp. Ecosphere 11(11):e03287.

Cushman, J. H., L. Sanders and T.K. Refsland. 2020. Long-term and interactive effects of different mammalian consumers on growth, survival and recruitment of dominant tree species. Ecology & Evolution 10(16):8801-8814.

Refsland, T.K. and J.M. Fraterrigo. 2018. Fire increases drought vulnerability of Quercus alba seedlings by altering forest microclimate and nitrogen availability. Functional Ecology 32(10):2298-2309.

Refsland, T.K. and J. M. Fraterrigo. 2017. Both canopy and understory traits act as response-effect traits in fire-managed forests. Ecosphere 8(12):e02036.

Publications – in revision or review

Refsland, T.K., B. Adams, D. Bronson, C.C. Kern, P. Marquardt, A.M. McGraw, A.A. Royo, and J.R. Miesel. Synthesis of plant-soil feedback effects on eastern North American trees: implications for climate-adaptive forestry. Submitted: Ecological Applications

Gold, Z.G., A.F.A. Pellegrini, T.K. Refsland, R.J. Andrioli, M.L. Bowles, P.M. Brando, D.G. Brockway, N. Burrows, A.C. Franco, S.W. Hallgren, S.E. Hobbie, W.A. Hoffmann, K.P. Kirkman, P.B. Reich, P. Savadogo, D. Silvério, K. Stephan, T. Strydom, J.M. Varner, D.D. Wade, A. Wills, and A.C. Staver. Greater herbaceous vegetation responses to fire in savannas than in forests suggest bistability. In Review: PNAS.