Peer-reviewed publications

**authored by co-advised graduate student

**Reikowski, E.S., T.K. Refsland, and J.H Cushman. 2022. Ungulate herbivores as drivers of aspen recruitment and understory composition throughout arid montane landscapes. Ecosphere 13(9):e4225.

Refsland, T.K. and J. H. Cushman. 2021. Continent-wide synthesis of the long-term population dynamics of quaking aspen in the face of accelerating human impacts. Oecologia 197:25-42.

Pellegrini, A.F.A., T.K. Refsland, C. Averill, C. Terrer, A.C. Staver, D.G. Brockway, A. Caprio, W. Clatterbuck, C. Coetsee, J.D. Haywood, S.E. Hobbie, W.A. Hoffmann, J. Kush, T. Lewis, W.K. Moser, S.T. Overby, B. Patterson, K.G. Peay, P.B. Reich, C. Ryan, M.A.S. Sayer, B. Scharenbroch, T. Schoennagel, G.R. Smith, K. Stephan, C. Swanston, M.G. Turner, T.M. Varner, and R.B. Jackson. 2021. Decadal changes in fire frequencies shift tree communities and functional traits. Nature Ecology & Evolution 5:504-512.

Refsland, T.K., B. Knapp, K. Stephan and J.M. Fraterrigo. 2020. Sixty-five years of fire manipulation reveals climate and fire interact to determine growth rates of Quercus spp. Ecosphere 11(11):e03287.

Cushman, J. H., L. Sanders and T.K. Refsland. 2020. Long-term and interactive effects of different mammalian consumers on growth, survival and recruitment of dominant tree species. Ecology & Evolution 10(16):8801-8814.

Refsland, T.K. and J.M. Fraterrigo. 2018. Fire increases drought vulnerability of Quercus alba seedlings by altering forest microclimate and nitrogen availability. Functional Ecology 32(10):2298-2309.

Refsland, T.K. and J. M. Fraterrigo. 2017. Both canopy and understory traits act as response-effect traits in fire-managed forests. Ecosphere 8(12):e02036.

Publications – in revision or review

Refsland, T.K., B. Adams, D. Bronson, C.C. Kern, P. Marquardt, A.M. McGraw, A.A. Royo, and J.R. Miesel. Synthesis of plant-soil feedback effects on eastern North American trees: implications for climate-adaptive forestry. In Review: Frontiers in Ecology & Evolution.

Gold, Z.G., A.F.A. Pellegrini, T.K. Refsland, R.J. Andrioli, M.L. Bowles, P.M. Brando, D.G. Brockway, N. Burrows, A.C. Franco, S.W. Hallgren, S.E. Hobbie, W.A. Hoffmann, K.P. Kirkman, P.B. Reich, P. Savadogo, D. Silvério, K. Stephan, T. Strydom, J.M. Varner, D.D. Wade, A. Wills, and A.C. Staver. Greater herbaceous vegetation responses to fire in savannas than in forests suggest bistability. In Revision: Ecology Letters.